|23RD NOVEMBER 2017|
The universities around the UK that have been a driving force behind the recent rise of Artificial Intelligence are being robbed of their talent. Scientists are being pulled away from university labs and into multinational tech companies. The universities say that these companies are shooting themselves in the foot, killing the goose that lays the golden egg. “He was offered so much money that he simply dropped everything and left”, Maja Pantic, professor of affective and behavioural computing at Imperial, recently told the Guardian. “It’s five times the salary I can offer, it’s unbelievable, we cannot compete.” It’s becoming a more and more common issue. Scientists from universities countrywide are in the labs one night and gone the next morning, tempted away by the six-figure salaries being offered by Google, Apple, Facebook, and Amazon. The problem is so rife that one university executive warned of a ‘missing generation’ of academics, with nobody left to teach the students coming through. As a result, research programmes will fall apart, teaching will become lacklustre and the eventual AI brain drain will have an effect much wider than just academia … for more, go to https://www.thedigitalmarketingbureau.com/artificial-intelligence/ai-researchers-poached-whos-ensuring-safety-human-race
As the war-waging US continues to waste resources, China turbo-charges ahead in AI tech
KUALA LUMPUR (February 2018): Artificial Intelligence (AI) Technology is a frightening game changer to humankind and the world.
And China has set 2030 (only 12 years away) as its target to overtake the UIS to be the world No.1 leader in AI technology.
When China achieves this target, the US can say good-bye as the No.1 world super power - unless the US sabotages China, before 2030, with its only evil way that it knows so well - WAR!
The limits of what AI can achieve is limitless, to say the least. Its use can be for both commercial and warfare.
And when AI is applied for warfare, it is not only extremely efficient and precise, it will destroy the enemy’s war machines at ease and without loss of lives.
It can also be used to monitor and detect the launch of any type of war head round the clock for quick response to neutralise a threat or damage.
And, this reality is why the world is now saying whoever rules AI rules the world!
The reality is nothing (except, perhaps war) can stop China from its progress and pursuit for AI technology excellence and supremacy. But can the US be disciplined enough to really sit around and wait until 2030 to see China over take them in AI?
Read this McClatchy Washington Bureau/Tribune News Service news feature for the details and why it is no more about a race for AI technology:
"China sets goal of rapidly surpassing US as artificial intelligence race heats up
Friday, 23 Feb 2018
8:30 AM MYT
by tim johnson
|Advances in artificial intelligence could add trillions of dollars to a major economy and give an edge on the battlefield, shifting empires and global power. — Bloomberg|
WASHINGTON: When a Google computer program beat the world's best player of an ancient Chinese board game last May, it might have seemed like an incremental milestone.
But for some, the success of the program known as AlphaGo marked more than a man-vs-machine clash. It set up a broader race between China and the United States over artificial intelligence, a competition that could mould the future of humankind just as the widespread arrival of electricity did in the last century.
The Go tournament took place in Wuzhen, a city of canals that is more than 1,300 years old, a fitting venue for a competition involving the strategy board game Go that has been played for several thousand years. Go is renowned for its complexity, and it is said that there are more variations to the game than there are atoms in the universe.
Perhaps it was a coincidence of timing, but the AlphaGo competition kicked off events that demonstrated China's resolve to close the gap with – and quickly surpass – the United States in deploying artificial intelligence, or AI. Goals Chinese authorities announced last July are ambitious: Reach parity with the United States by 2020, achieve major breakthroughs by 2025, and "occupy the commanding heights of AI technology by 2030" as the world's undisputed leader.
"There's a lot of ambition, a lot of enthusiasm but it still remains to be seen whether this is possible," said Elsa B. Kania, a specialist in artificial intelligence and Chinese defence innovation at the Centre for a New American Security, a think tank in Washington. Nonetheless, she added, "there is a very real chance and possibility" that China could achieve its goals.
The stakes are high. Advances in artificial intelligence could add trillions of dollars to a major economy and give an edge on the battlefield, shifting empires and global power.
"For the moment, the United States is the most advanced AI country in the world. But that gap is closing," said Chris Nicholson, chief executive of Skymind, a San Francisco startup that focuses on deep learning, a type of artificial intelligence.
Russia, too, is paying attention, although it is not in the same tier as China and the US.
"Artificial intelligence is the future, not only for Russia, but for all humankind," Russian leader Vladimir Putin told students Sept. 1, according to the state-run RT network. "Whoever becomes the leader in this sphere will become the ruler of the world."
Processors equipped with artificial intelligence algorithms and specialised hardware platforms learn from experience, adapt to new information and perform human-like tasks. The field is in its relative infancy, and numbers of top scientists are limited. Google, the Mountain View, California, technology giant, employs at least half of the top 100 of them, the Eurasia Group, a New York-based political risk consultancy, estimated in a report in December.
But China has some comparative advantages, and it is moving fast. Last year, its scientists sought 641 patents related to artificial intelligence, compared with 130 in the United States, says CB Insights, a venture capital database company.
Other metrics also show China's push. Every year, top experts gather for the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. In 2012, US researchers presented 41% of the papers at the meeting, and Chinese experts barely hit 10%, said Avi Goldfarb, a professor of marketing at the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management.
In 2017, he said, US share of papers fell to 34% and China's grew to 23%.
"What's really happened is that China has invested a lot and done much better," said Goldfarb, co-author of Prediction Machines: The simple economics of Artificial Intelligence.
One of China's comparative advantages in artificial intelligence is the massive data that the government and large Internet companies collect on the nation's 1.3 billion citizens.
In China, people use their mobile phones to pay for goods 50 times more often than in the United States, says Sinovation Ventures, an early stage venture capital firm with offices in China and the United States. Chinese order 10 times more food delivery volume than in the United States. And shared bicycle usage is 300 times that of the United States, the company says.
"All of that is data that goes back to train AI models," Kai-fu Lee, Sinovation's founder and a former Google executive, told an MIT forum Nov. 2 on the future of work.
A Chinese bike-sharing company, Mobike, has fleets in 200 cities globally. Its sensor-equipped bikes transmit 20 terabytes of data for Mobike to analyse with artificial intelligence every day.
China's government has moved heavily into facial recognition software designed to keep tabs on the populace. It has done so through unique levels of partnership with private Chinese tech companies, like Yitu Tech, one of many big firms that cooperate closely with authorities.
Lee, the former Google executive, said massive datasets give China an upper hand.
"A very good scientist with a ton of data will beat a super scientist with a small amount of data any day," Lee told the MIT forum.
Given such an advantage, venture capital money is pouring into China-based startups pursuing aspects of artificial intelligence. Such startups took 48% of all dollars going to AI startups globally in 2017, surpassing the United States for share of dollars, CB Insights says.
While competition to harness artificial intelligence is real, it is unlike the race to develop a nuclear bomb before and during World War II. A remarkable degree of commercial overlap occurs between the two countries, and some experts don't see an inevitable winner and loser in the competition.
"There's a lot of connectivity between Beijing and Shanghai and Hangzhou and (Silicon) Valley," said Paul S. Triolo, director of global technology at Eurasia Group.
Microsoft and Google have large operations involved in artificial intelligence research in China, he said, "and Chinese companies like Baidu and Alibaba and Tencent have lots of AI researchers working in the US. Who's winning that?"
"It's not a race to build the first nuclear weapon. It's a set of very diffuse capabilities that are used as part of bigger systems," Triolo said.
The extent of how artificial intelligence might impact everyday life is not yet known. One prominent expert, Andrew Ng, a former chief scientist at Baidu who now heads a research group at Stanford University, compares the transformative power of AI to electricity, noting how electrical refrigeration transformed agriculture, the electric motor remade manufacturing and the telegraph revolutionized communications.
"If it is like electricity, it can transform economies, societies and militaries in ways that we can imagine and ways that we probably can't imagine yet," Kania said.
The potential has seized the attention of the People's Liberation Army, which makes little secret that it sees artificial intelligence as augmenting China's power. Military commanders paid close attention last year to the contest surrounding AlphaGo, which was developed by a Google subsidiary, DeepMind, based in London.
"The PLA wants an AlphaGo for warfare," Kania said.
One way that artificial intelligence may be deployed is in swarm warfare, the use of scores – maybe hundreds – of flying or undersea drones to disrupt enemy ships and submarines.
Such fleets of drones, harnessed with the right algorithms, could be used "to overwhelm and saturate very high-value weapons platforms," Kania said, like aircraft carriers.
"We're entering a new age of warfare where AI and robotics will be much more integral to military power," she said, noting that battlefield action might become so rapid that "humans can't keep up."
China has put some of its prowess on display. In an exhibition Dec 7, a swarm of 1,180 drones took part in a night time flyover light show over the southern city of Guangzhou, spelling out "hello" and "innovation" to visiting dignitaries. Intel, the US tech giant, flew more than 1,200 illuminated drones this month for the opening of the Pyeongchang Olympic Games.
As China makes headway, some US experts voice concern – even alarm.
"I'm assuming that our lead will continue over the next five years, and that China will catch up extremely quickly," Eric Schmidt, then-executive chairman of Google's parent, Alphabet Inc, said at a forum in November.
But Schmidt lamented what he saw as a lack of a US governmental focus on how to forge ahead robustly in artificial intelligence.
"We don't have a national strategy," Schmidt said. "If you believe that this is important – as I suspect all of us do, but certainly I believe – then we need to get our act together as a country."
Forecasters can only estimate the economic impact of artificial intelligence, but when they do the numbers are extraordinary. PwC, a global management consultancy, said in a study last year that artificial intelligence could add US$7tril (RM27.44tril) to the Chinese economy and US$3.7tril (RM14.50tril) to the North American economy by 2030.
It would impact areas such as self-driving cars, improved imaging diagnostics, better fraud detection, efficient energy consumption, greater tailoring of apparel and consumer items, and personalised delivery of entertainment.
Industry experts are appealing to lawmakers to sustain the current US edge.
"AI is the biggest economic and technological revolution to take place in our lifetime. ... We can't afford to allow other countries to overtake us," Ian Buck, vice-president for accelerated computing at Nvidia, a Santa Clara, California, manufacturer of circuits used in super-fast processing, said in prepared remarks to a House subcommittee Feb 14.
Nicholson, the San Francisco entrepreneur, said the Trump administration has cut research and development programs, blocked mathematicians from the Middle East and curtailed foreign investment in areas like artificial intelligence.
"The United States is adopting policies that will make it lose this race," he said. — McClatchy Washington Bureau/Tribune News Service"
|After WWll, the US has been stuck with its war-waging ways to remain supreme in the world in the 20th Century. But today, the China-Russia combo’s 21st Century Cold War with the US is keeping the Americans at bay, but for how long? Both China and Russia have started the ball rolling by dumping the Greenback in trans border financial transactions for trade and commerce. Read this for context: https://ilovemalaysiachinasilkroad.blogspot.my/2017/10/whatever-analysts-say-china-russia.html|