China identifies 42 colleges to be transformed into world class universities

#1: PEKING UNIVERSITY (WORLD RANK: #39) Founded just before the fall of China's final dynasty, the Qing Dynasty, Peking University was China's first "modern" national university. It was originally called the Imperial University of Peking and the campus itself is situated on a former imperial garden that is now known for containing one of the most scenic university campuses in all of China.Peking University is located in Beijing and is colloquially referred to as Beida. Peking University is well known for having one of China's strongest arts and humanities departments, a reputation which has been reinforced by the many influential figures in poetry and the arts who once walked its halls as students. About 2,000 international students attend Peking University every year. In additional to its academic reputation, another reason for Beida's popularity among foreign students is its location in Beijing, where residents speak "standard Mandarin". Speaking Mandarin with a northern Beijing accent is generally considered to by highly desirable by both Chinese and non-Chinese alike. Peking University is located in Northwest Beijing's Haidian District. - Smart Intern

China identifies 42 colleges to be transformed into world class universities 

KUALA LUMPUR (November 2017): With only two mainland Chinese colleges currently in the Top 100 for all four main global rankings for top universities, China wants at least 42 of its institutes of higher learning to be world class.

And, it also wants 95 colleges to be global centres of excellence for specific disciplines.

What a noble target to achieve! If achieved, it would also mean China becoming a globally dominant education destination.

Malaysia should wake up from its slumber and strive doubly hard to overhaul its education system and disciplines to ensure it always remain up-to-date and relevant to suit technology needs.

China is doing so because for it to make further progress, it needs to raise further the standard and competency of its education sector to match or sustain or leap frog its increasing economic power.

If a superpower like China needs to upgrade its education sector, don’t you think it is long overdue for Malaysia do act the same?
#2: TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY (WORLD RANK: #67) Tsinghua University was established in 1911 and is one of China's most well-known universities. Like the other schools on this list, it is a member of the C9 League, an alliance of 9 of China's most elite universities. After the Boxer Rebellion, an uprising of Chinese nationals against foreign imperialist powers in China from 1899 to 1901, China was order to pay a $30 million USD indemnity to the United States. Feeling that it was excessive, President Theodore Roosevelt lobbied to reduce the payment by $10 million, which was then paid into a fund that established Tsinghua College. Tsinghua is a research university and is known for its highly competitive entrance standards. Only about 16% of its MBA applicants are accepted each year. The university is located where Qing Dynasty gardens once stood in Beijing. - Smart Intern
Read on this news report that was first published by South China Morning Post’s print edition:

"China lists 42 colleges it wants to make ‘world class’ universities

Injection of financial aid welcomed, but experts say no major difference between latest list and similar initiatives launched in 1990s

PUBLISHED : Friday, 22 September, 2017, 3:12pm
UPDATED : Friday, 22 September, 2017, 10:04pm

China has published a list of 42 colleges it wants to turn into world class universities in the coming decades as it attempts to create a higher education sector that matches its increasing economic power.

Only two mainland Chinese colleges are currently in the top 100 for all four main global rankings for the world’s top universities, Peking University and Tsinghua University in Beijing.

The initiative also aims to ensure that 95 colleges in China will be global centres of excellence for specific disciplines.

Many mainland Chinese students opt to study overseas, with the perception that they will get a better standard of education abroad.

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The list of universities was published on Thursday in a joint statement issued by the education and finance ministries, plus the government’s economic planning agency, the National Development and Reform Commission.

The government announced a blueprint last year on how to turn some of its colleges into world-class universities, with the colleges making the list getting extra financial support from the government.

Experts, however, have questioned whether the initiative will work.

Chu Zhaohui, a researcher at the National Institute of Education Sciences, said there was no major difference between the latest list and two similar initiatives launched in the 1990s.

More than 110 universities were included in the “211 project” and 39 in the “985 project” to boost China’s higher education institutions during the tenure of former Chinese president Jiang Zemin.

“Two decades have passed and we’re only sure we have improved in terms of quantity, but there’s been much controversy over quality,” Chu said.

“Many organisations have claimed that we’ve published a lot more papers in international publications, but we are not so sure when it comes to the people we’ve nurtured – how competent they are and what academic levels they’re at,” he said.

Wu Zunmin, a professor at Shanghai’s East China Normal University, told the South China Morning Post after the launch of the scheme last year that an injection of resources was welcome, but other factors needed to be addressed to produce world-class universities.

“It’s easy to give money for a hardware facelift, but it’s difficult to revive the atmosphere of academic freedom, focusing on academic studies and pursuing truth,” Wu said. “Currently our universities are utilitarian.”

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Yuan Lanfeng, a scientist at the University of Science and Technology of China in Anhui province, was more positive after the announcement of the list of universities to be developed.

“Any plan is beneficial as long as it supplies more resources to universities and colleges, whether in terms of people or money. Otherwise, how [do you explain] China’s great leap in science and technology over the past 10 years?” said Yuan.

This article appeared in the South China Morning Post print edition as: Beijing says Universities must be on global lists